Guillermo J. Grenier

Guillermo J. Grenier

Nacido en La Habana, Cuba, es uno de los fundadores de la Escuela de
Análisis Social de Miami. Es autor o coautor de varios libros y artículos sobre trabajo, migración, incorporación de inmigrantes y perfiles ideológicos de cubanoamericanos. Es experto en actitudes políticas de los cubanoamericanos en el sur de Florida. Desde 1991, se ha desempeñado como investigador principal de FIU Cuba Poll, un proyecto copatrocinado por el Instituto Cubano de Investigaciones. Recibió su Ph.D. en Sociología y su Maestría en Estudios Latinoamericanos de la Universidad de Nuevo México en Albuquerque.
Puedes seguirlo en Twitter: @greniergj y Medium:

Photo: Marita Pérez Díaz (Archive).

Cuban Americans Need a New Story

On December 29, 1962, President John F. Kennedy stood on a stage at the Miami Orange Bowl. A member of the Brigada 2506 handed him a folded Cuban flag. From the stands watched a capacity crowd of Cubans, including survivors of the Bay of Pigs debacle and their friends and families. He began the 14-minute speech by welcoming the brigadistas on behalf of "his government and his country" and assuring them that the flag just received "will be returned to this Brigade in a free Havana." This was, of course, a fiction. There would be no other serious attempt to overthrow the Cuban Revolutionary government, and diplomatic options were curtailed by the severing of relations in 1961 and the establishment of the full embargo in February of 1962. The fate of the exiles' Cuba was, like the flag, in the hands of the American government. In 1966, the exile reality received another blow. That year, with irrevocable institutional authority, the passage of the Cuban Adjustment Act created the existence of the category of Cuban-Americans as immigrants, not exiles. The government Kennedy represented in his short gig as president became our government. Su casa es mi casa. The Kennedy ritual in 1962 initiated the exile story, which still...

Photo: Marita Pérez Díaz.

Cuban-Americans and the 2020 Presidential Election: Evidence and Hypotheses from the 2020 Cuba Poll (II)

Part I of this text was published previously by OnCuba. The Republican Party Factor Trump’s success among Cuban Americans is surprising only if you believe that Cuban-American Republicans, because they are Hispanics, should behave differently than other Republicans. But why hold Cuban Americans to a different standard? Republicans all over the United States support Trump in a cult-like manner. The Gallup Poll measuring the approval rating of the President released in August, when we concluded our FIU Cuba Poll, reported that Republicans nationwide gave Donald Trump a 92% job approval rating. We didn’t ask the job approval question directly, but we did ask Cuban Americans how much they approved or disapproved of President Trump’s handling of specific national issues (immigration, healthcare, race relations, national protests, Covid-19 crisis, the economy, China policy and Cuba policy). Although Cuban-Americans are clearly “all in” as far as Trump’s handling of these national concerns, the support among Cuban-American Republicans ranged from 72% (national protests) to 92% (the economy). Even the support for his handling of the Corona crisis mirrored the national Republican support: 82% approval by Republicans nationwide vs 83% approval among Cuban-American Republicans. So, by Republican standards, Cuban-Americans are in the mainstream. In the...

Election day in Miami. Photo: Marita Pérez.

Cuban-Americans and the 2020 Presidential Election: Evidence and Hypotheses from the 2020 Cuba Poll (I)

Every four years Cuban-Americans in Miami become “los bravos de la pelicula.” Heroes of a movie running since the Cold War year with little updating. Politicians and their posses descend on South Florida talking tough about Cuba and make promises about what they will do about its deviant government. It is as if Cubans care about nothing else other than US/Cuba policy and they only care about this every four years. Cuban-Americans play their role well and predictably. After some tension about whether generational shifts or the rising new waves of immigrants will change the political calculus, the hardliners reassert their domination. The cries for a “Cuba Libre” echo off the class walls of the Versailles restaurant. The Republican Party triumphs. The Democrats say ‘it is what it is.’ The end. To be continued. For close to thirty of those long years I have conducted the FIU Cuba Poll, usually during these periods when everyone wants to know how Cubans are going to vote. Our poll tries to understand the attitudes of Cuban-Americans about U.S./Cuba relations and other ancillary policies linking the South Florida diaspora to the motherland. The tension between supporting policies of engagement or policies of isolation is...